MEPS 386:61-70 (2009) - doi:10.3354/meps08031
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) lyase activity in different strains of the symbiotic alga Symbiodinium microadriaticum
Denise M. Yost, Carys L. Mitchelmore*
ABSTRACT: Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) lyases are responsible for the enzymatic conversion of the algal metabolite DMSP into dimethylsulfide (DMS) and other products. DMSP lyase potential activity (DLA) was assayed in 5 cultured strains of Symbiodinium microadriaticum to investigate whether DLA was present and whether variations in DLA occurred among strains. S. microadriaticum are important primary producers symbiotic with corals and other cnidarians. Four of the 5 tested S. microadriaticum strains were capable of performing enzymatic lysis of DMSP, and the levels of DLA varied significantly among the strains. Average DLA normalized to chlorophyll a (chl a) was significantly higher in strain CCMP 829 (5.3 ± 0.9 nmol DMS · min–1 · µg–1) compared with all other strains investigated. DLA was not detected in strain CCMP 830, suggesting that DMSP lyase may not be a universal enzyme in S. microadriaticum. DMSP levels also varied between strains, but there was no correlation between cellular DMSP and DLA. Additionally, our data indicate that in non-axenic S. microadriaticum strains, the bacterial contribution to DLA was not substantial in any of the algal cultures investigated. These results are supportive of the idea that S. microadriaticum contain DLA, that DMSP producers are not necessarily capable of DLA, and that, even within a species, DMSP and DLA levels vary significantly. These findings suggest important differences in the regulation of DMSP and DLA in S. microadriaticum, but the reasons for these differences remain to be elucidated.
KEY WORDS: Symbiodinium · DMSP lyase · Dimethylsulfoniopropionate · Coral
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