MEPS 397:37-51 (2009)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps08314

Cold-water corals in the Cap de Creus canyon, northwestern Mediterranean: spatial distribution, density and anthropogenic impact

Covadonga Orejas1,4,*, Andrea Gori1, Claudio Lo Iacono2, Pere Puig1, Josep-Maria Gili1, Mark R. T. Dale3

1Instituto de Ciencias del Mar (CSIC), Pg Maritim de la Barceloneta 37-49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
2Unidad de Tecnología Marina (CSIC), Pg Maritim de la Barceloneta 37-49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
3University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), 3333 University Way, Prince George, British Columbia V2N 4Z9, Canada
4Centro Oceanográfico de Santander (IEO) Promontorio de San Martin s/n, 93004 Santander, Spain

ABSTRACT: The occurrence and density of 3 cold-water coral (CWC) species (Madrepora oculata, Lophelia pertusa and Dendrophyllia cornigera) were investigated in the Cap de Creus canyon (northwestern Mediterranean) by conducting and analysing 22 video survey transects. Species distribution patterns were also investigated at 3 spatial extents (km, 100s of m and m) across 3 of the transects using spatial statistics. Additionally, the locations of snagged benthic long-line fishing gear were logged across these 3 transects. Video surveys were carried out by both remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) and the JAGO manned submersible. CWCs were present in 15 of the 22 survey transects, predominantly those covering areas with hard substrate (boulders or hardrock outcrops). M. oculata was the most abundant CWC species in the survey transects, whereas L. pertusa and D. cornigera were much more sparsely distributed, with only isolated colonies observed in the majority of transects. M. oculata showed a significant contagious distribution pattern across the analysed transects, with several scales of spatial pattern and patch size being detected, whereas L. pertusa and D. cornigera were not found in sufficient numbers to apply spatial statistics. Different covariance patterns were found across the transects between snagged fishing gear and the presence of M. oculata. Further investigation of this relationship and the level of hazard posed by long-line fishing to M. oculata colonies is required prior to development of a protective management strategy.


KEY WORDS: Cold water corals · Submarine canyons · ROVs · Manned submersible · Population density · Spatial statistic · Spatial patterns · Patch size


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Cite this article as: Orejas C, Gori A, Lo Iacono C, Puig P, Gili JM, Dale MRT (2009) Cold-water corals in the Cap de Creus canyon, northwestern Mediterranean: spatial distribution, density and anthropogenic impact. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 397:37-51. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps08314

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