MEPS 519:47-59 (2015)  -  DOI:

Respiration quotient variability: bacterial evidence

V. Romero-Kutzner1,*, T. T. Packard1, E. Berdalet2, S. O. Roy3, J.-P. Gagné4, M. Gómez1

1EOMAR, Grupo de Ecofisiología de Organismos Marinos, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 35017, Spain
2Institut de Ciències del Mar (CSIC), Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta, 37-49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
310 Ryan Court, Embrun, Ontario K0A 1W0, Canada
4Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, Québec G5L 3A1, Canada
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Respiratory metabolism was compared between 2 different physiological states of acetate- and pyruvate-grown cultures of Pseudomonas nautica and Vibrio natriegens. Here, we analyze 35 h and 520 h experiments in which time-courses of protein, pyruvate, acetate, respiratory CO2 production (RCO2), respiratory O2 consumption (RO2), isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) activity, and potential respiration (Φ) were measured. Respiratory quotients (RQs) were calculated as the ratio of the respiration rates (RCO2/RO2). Such RQs are widely used in ocean ecosystem models, in calculations of carbon flux, and in evaluations of the ocean’s metabolic balance. In all the cultures, the RQ tended to increase. In the case of P. nautica on acetate, the RQ rose nearly an order of magnitude from values below 1 during carbon-substrate sufficiency to values close to 10 during carbon-substrate deficiency. In all the cultures, the respiration rates during the growth period paralleled the biomass increase, but after the substrates were exhausted, the respiration rates fell. In contrast, through this same transition period, the IDH activity and the Φ remained relatively high for the first 10 h of carbon-substrate deprivation, and then, these enzyme activities fell slowly, along with the biomass, as the carbon-substrate deprivation continued. The nutritional state of the bacteria affected the RQ, rendering the RQ variable for physiological and ecological purposes. These results argue that ecosystem models, oceanographic calculations of carbon flux, and evaluations of the ocean’s metabolic balance that are influenced by bacterial metabolism need to be reconsidered in light of RQ variability.

KEY WORDS: O2 consumption · CO2 production · Isocitrate dehydrogenase · IDH · Electron transport system · ETS · Potential respiration · Growth

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Cite this article as: Romero-Kutzner V, Packard TT, Berdalet E, Roy SO, Gagné JP, Gómez M (2015) Respiration quotient variability: bacterial evidence. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 519:47-59.

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