MEPS 576:107-110 (2017)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12254

INTRODUCTION
Response of nearshore ecosystems to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill

Sean P. Powers1,2,*, Charles H. Peterson3, Just Cebrian1,2, Kenneth L. Heck Jr.1,2

1Department of Marine Sciences, University of South Alabama, 5871 USA Drive North, Mobile, AL 36688, USA
2Dauphin Island Sea Lab, 101 Bienville Blvd., Dauphin Island, AL 36528, USA
3Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Morehead City, NC 28557, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Nearshore coastal ecosystems are among the most productive environments on the planet but are threatened as a result of sea level rise, human development and pollution. These ecosystems often act as a sink for contaminants released into the open ocean as documented during the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The geographic extent (1000s of km of potentially impacted beaches and marshes) and duration (87 d of oil release) of this oil spill as well as the related response and clean-up activities were unprecedented. Six years after the spill, studies supported by the Deepwater Horizon Natural Resources Damage Assessment as well as other independent investigations have elucidated many of the consequences of one of the world’s largest oil spills. Understanding these impacts required the integration of multiple marine disciplines (e.g. physical oceanography, zoology, botany, toxicology, geospatial analysis and modeling). The contributions to this Theme Section highlight 4 key findings that are critical in assessing and responding to future oil spills: (1) organismal level effects were documented across the full range of trophic levels in areas that experienced heavy oiling; (2) degradation or loss of habitat-forming species represents a pathway to long-term direct and indirect effects; (3) the loss and degradation of these habitats result in a wide range of ecosystem service losses; and (4) response actions designed to mitigate the effects of oil often result in ecological injury. Assessment of future oil spill damages should adopt a conceptual model of injury pathways early in the impact assessment process, and this model should focus heavily on habitat-forming species.


KEY WORDS:  Natural Resource Damage Assessment · NRDA · Saltmarsh · Deepwater Horizon oil spill · Injury · Environmental impact


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Cite this article as: Powers SP, Peterson CH, Cebrian J, Heck KL Jr (2017) Response of nearshore ecosystems to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 576:107-110. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12254

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