DAO prepress abstract  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03202

Occurrence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in anurans of the Mediterranean region of Baja California, México

Anny Peralta-García*, Andrea J. Adams, Cheryl J. Briggs, Patricia Galina-Tessaro, Jorge H. Valdez-Villavicencio, Bradford D. Hollingsworth, H. Bradley Shaffer, Robert N. Fisher

*Email: annyperaltagarcia@yahoo.com.mx

ABSTRACT: Chytridiomycosis is caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and is regarded as one of the most significant threats to global amphibian populations. In México, Bd was first reported in 2003 and has now been documented in 13 states. We visited 33 localities and swabbed 199 wild-caught anurans from 7 species (5 native, 2 exotic) across the Mediterranean region of the state of Baja California. Using quantitative PCR, Bd was detected in 94 individuals (47.2% of samples) at 25 of the 33 survey localities for 5 native and 1 exotic frog species. The exotic Xenopus laevis was the only species that tested completely negative for Bd. We found that remoteness, distance to agricultural land, and elevation were the best predictors of Bd presence. These are the first Bd-positive results for the state of Baja California and its presence should be regarded as an additional conservation threat to the region’s native frog species.