ESR prepress abstract  -  doi: 10.3354/esr00754

Where were they from? Modelling the source stock of dolphins stranded after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill using genetic and stable isotope data

L. Thomas*, C. G. Booth, P. E. Rosel, A. Hohn, J. Litz, L. H. Schwacke


ABSTRACT: Understanding the source stock of common bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus that stranded in the Northern Gulf of Mexico subsequent to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill was essential to accurately quantify injury and apportion to the appropriate stock. The aim of this study, part of the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA), was to estimate the proportion of the 932 recorded strandings between May 2010 and June 2014 that came from coastal vs Bay, Sound and Estuary (BSE) stocks. Four sources of relevant information were available, on overlapping subsets totaling 336 (39%) of the strandings: genetic stock assignment, stable isotope ratios, photo-ID and individual genetic-ID. We developed a hierarchical Bayesian model for combining these sources that weighted each data source for each stranding according to a measure of estimated precision, the effective sample size (ESS). The photo- and genetic-ID data were limited and considered to potentially introduce biases and so these data sources were excluded from analyses used in the NRDA. Estimates were calculated separately in 3 regions: East (of the Mississippi outflow), West (of the Mississippi outflow through Vermilion Bay, Louisiana) and Western Louisiana (west of Vermilion Bay to the Texas-Louisiana border); estimated proportion of coastal strandings were, respectively 0.215 (95% CI 0.169 - 0.263), 0.016 (0.036 - 0.099) and 0.622 (0.487 - 0.803). The method represents a general approach for integrating multiple sources of information that have differing uncertainty.