AB 11:239-242 (2011)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00316

Sampling effort required to obtain repeatable average size estimates of juvenile fish

Damian Moran*

Department of Biology, Lund University, Sölvegatan 35, 22362 Lund, Sweden

ABSTRACT: Larval and juvenile fish cohorts often have skewed size distributions due to inter-individual variation in growth rates. A resampling analysis was used to investigate how much sampling effort is required to achieve repeatable average size estimates in populations of juvenile yellowtail kingfish Seriola lalandi Valenciennes. One hundred juveniles (30 d post-hatch) were measured for total length and wet weight from 9 cohorts reared in captivity. From an analysis of cohort size distribution the mean was determined to be a suitable measure of the average for length, while the median was best for weight. One thousand resamples of mean length and median weight were performed for each cohort data set, with sample sizes ranging from 2 to 100 individuals. The point at which increasing sample size resulted in only a negligible increase in precision (variance between resamples <0.1%) corresponded to n = 19 for mean length and n = 30 for median weight. Since yellowtail kingfish display a magnitude of size heterogeneity similar to other marine species with small pelagic larvae reared in captivity, the sample sizes determined in the present study can act as a general guideline for larval fish studies.

KEY WORDS: Sampling effort · Sample size · Size heterogeneity

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Cite this article as: Moran D (2011) Sampling effort required to obtain repeatable average size estimates of juvenile fish. Aquat Biol 11:239-242. https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00316

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