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Aquatic Biology

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AB 28:175-186 (2019)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00719

Salinity and water clarity dictate seasonal variability in coastal submerged aquatic vegetation in subtropical estuarine environments

Eva R. Hillmann1, Kristin DeMarco1, Megan K. La Peyre2,*

1School of Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
2U.S. Geological Survey, Louisiana Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, School of Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Spatial and temporal variability characterize submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) assemblages, but understanding the complex interactions of environmental drivers of SAV assemblages remains elusive. We documented SAV composition and biomass across a salinity gradient in a coastal estuary over 12 mo. Ten macrophyte species were identified. The dominant species, Ceratophyllum demersum and Myriophyllum spicatum, accounted for over 40% of total biomass. Only Ruppia maritima occurred across the salinity gradient. Salinity, water depth and clarity delineated 3 assemblages: a saline assemblage, and 2 groups of fresher-water species, one associated with deeper water and lower water clarity and the other associated with shallow water and higher water clarity. These assemblages exhibited intra-annual variation, with at least 5 times more biomass in late spring/mid-summer compared to early winter. This pattern was consistent across the estuary, although the difference between peak and low biomass varied by habitat type; brackish exhibited the greatest magnitude. This variation is likely due to higher variation in salinity and the species composition of this habitat. As climate change and coastal restoration impact timing and range of salinity, water depth and clarity in this region, these data can be used to help inform predictive models and management decisions.


KEY WORDS: Submerged aquatic vegetation · SAV · Biomass · Root to shoot · Spatial · Temporal


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Cite this article as: Hillmann ER, DeMarco K, La Peyre MK (2019) Salinity and water clarity dictate seasonal variability in coastal submerged aquatic vegetation in subtropical estuarine environments. Aquat Biol 28:175-186. https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00719

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