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Aquatic Biology

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AB 6:281-287 (2009)  -  DOI:

Particle retention efficiency of asari clam Ruditapes philippinarum larvae

Naoaki Tezuka1,*, Erika Ichisaki2,3, Masaei Kanematsu1, Hironori Usuki1, Masami Hamaguchi1, Kazuo Iseki2

1National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea, Fisheries Research Agency, Maruishi 2-17-5, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima 739-0452, Japan
2Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama 1-4-4, Higashi-hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8528, Japan
3Present address: Nagasaki Prefectural Institute of Fisheries, Taira 1551-4, Nagasaki 851-2213, Japan

ABSTRACT: Larval food abundance is one potential cause of recruitment variation in benthic invertebrates, including bivalves. Bivalve veliger larvae can clear particles <~10 µm. However, the particle retention efficiency (PRE) of bivalve larvae differs among species, so is necessary to determine larval food abundance in nature. We investigated the PRE of larvae of the asari clam Ruditapes philippinarum, which recently has greatly decreased in numbers in Japan. Artificially hatched larvae from the umbo to the full grown stage were exposed to natural food assemblages. Larval clearance rates were determined for particles in 32 size ranges from 0.8 to 18 µm. We observed significant clearance of particles in the ~1 to 8 µm size range, with the highest clearance rates being on 1.4 to 2.0 µm particles. Larval ingestion of the natural food assemblages ranged from 50 × 102 to 120 × 102 µm3 ind.–1 h–1, which is below the hatchery food ration, suggesting larval food limitation in nature.

KEY WORDS: Ruditapes philippinarum · Clam larvae · Clearance rate · Particle retention efficiency

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Cite this article as: Tezuka N, Ichisaki E, Kanematsu M, Usuki H, Hamaguchi M, Iseki K (2009) Particle retention efficiency of asari clam Ruditapes philippinarum larvae. Aquat Biol 6:281-287.

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