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Aquaculture Environment Interactions

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AEI 12:251-262 (2020)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/aei00364

Biochar-immobilized Sphingomonas sp. and Acinetobacter sp. isolates to enhance nutrient removal: potential application in crab aquaculture

Yalu Shao1,2, Hua Zhong1,2,*, Xinyu Mao3, Hongwei Zhang1,2

1School of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, PR China
2State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, PR China
3College of Agricultural Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, PR China
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: The frequency of water exchange and reducing the risk of eutrophication to surrounding water bodies have always been water-quality control issues in recirculating aquaculture systems. In this study, maize straw biochar prepared through pyrolysis showed great potential for both bacterial immobilization and pollutant adsorption. Heterotrophic bacterial strains of Sphingomonas sp. PDD-57b-25 and Acinetobacter towneri were isolated in situ from wastewater for pollutant remediation through a 16S rDNA-based method, which has been rarely reported to date. The selected strains had higher ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N, 63%), nitrite nitrogen (NO2--N, 38%), nitrate nitrogen (NO3--N, 25%) and total phosphorus (TP, 35%) assimilation capacities than those of other widely applied bacteria under similar medium conditions. In addition, more NH4+-N (+16%), NO2--N (+14%), NO3--N (+17%) and TP (+19%) was removed by biochar-immobilized isolated strains than dissociated strains, suggesting their use may provide a means of improving water-quality control in recirculating aquaculture. With specific additions (4 g l-1) of biochar-immobilized Sphingomonas sp. PDD-57b-25 and A. towneri, the dissolved inorganic nitrogen (approximately 0.45 mg l-1) and TP (approximately 0.09 mg l-1) levels were maintained below the clean water threshold for recirculating aquaculture of crab Eriocheir sinensis. Furthermore, the added strains exhibited high bio-safety and were capable of improving the yield and quality of crabs. Results indicate the potential applicability of biochar-immobilized Sphingomonas sp. PDD-57b-25 and A. towneri in agricultural sewage treatments. Further, the experimental methodology developed here may be used for the exploration of new strains for practical aquaculture.


KEY WORDS: Sphingomonas · Acinetobacter · Eriocheir sinensis aquaculture · Inorganic nitrogen · Phosphorus


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Cite this article as: Shao Y, Zhong H, Mao X, Zhang H (2020) Biochar-immobilized Sphingomonas sp. and Acinetobacter sp. isolates to enhance nutrient removal: potential application in crab aquaculture. Aquacult Environ Interact 12:251-262. https://doi.org/10.3354/aei00364

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