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Aquaculture Environment Interactions

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AEI 13:249-258 (2021)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/aei00404

Use of Bacillus subtilis D9 to purify coastal aquaculture wastewater and improve grass carp resistance to Vibrio infection

Yalu Shao1,2, Hua Zhong1,*, Liangkai Wang3, Mohammed M. A. Elbashier3

1State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
2School of Agriculture and Food, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
3College of Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: In coastal areas of China, high-density aquaculture has caused environmental problems and fish health concerns. Bacillus subtilis D9 is a new strain isolated from coastal soils which could be used in aquaculture to improve the water environment. We investigated the effect of B. subtilis D9 on the purification of coastal aquaculture wastewater and the resistance of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idellus to pathogenic Vibrio infection. Three inoculation levels of B. subtilis D9 were used (5.5 × 107, 5.5 × 108 and 5.5×109 cfu ml-1 as BD7, BD8 and BD9, respectively), together with sterilized saline water without B. subtilis D9 as the Control. B. subtilis D9 at the inoculation level of BD8 showed the best performance with 81, 87, 91, 52 and 86% removal of NH4+-N, NO3--N, total nitrogen (TN), NO2--N and turbidity, respectively, after 25 d of treatment. These values were significantly higher than at the BD7, BD9 and Control levels. Under aeration (AIR) conditions, B. subtilis D9 at the inoculation level of BD8 showed removal efficiency of 93, 91, 95, 76 and 89%, respectively. In contrast it was only 26, 29, 16, 10 and 57% in an inactivated bacteria liquid (IBL) treatment. After 22 d of infection by Vibrio parahaemolyticus, significant differences were found in weight gain, specific growth rate and relative percentage of survival among grass carp grown on AIR, BD8 or IBL wastewater. In summary, B. subtilis D9 with aeration has beneficial effects on the purification of coastal aquaculture wastewater and on the resistance of grass carp to disease caused by V. parahaemolyticus.


KEY WORDS: Bacillus subtilis D9 · Aeration · Coastal aquaculture wastewater · Purification · Grass carp disease · Ctenopharyngodon idellus · Vibrio parahaemolyticus


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Cite this article as: Shao Y, Zhong H, Wang L, Elbashier MMA (2021) Use of Bacillus subtilis D9 to purify coastal aquaculture wastewater and improve grass carp resistance to Vibrio infection. Aquacult Environ Interact 13:249-258. https://doi.org/10.3354/aei00404

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