Inter-Research > AEI > v13 > p323-337  
Aquaculture Environment Interactions

via Mailchimp

AEI 13:323-337 (2021)  -  DOI:

Early-life fitness trait variation among divergent European and North American farmed and Newfoundland wild Atlantic salmon populations

Shahinur S. Islam1,*, Brendan F. Wringe2, Kristin Bøe1, Ian R. Bradbury1,3, Ian A. Fleming1

1Department of Ocean Sciences, Ocean Sciences Centre, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John’s, NL A1C 5S7, Canada
2Salmon Section, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, NS B2Y 4A2, Canada
3Salmonids Section, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Centre, 80 East White Hills Road, St. John’s, NL A1C 5X, Canada
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: It has long been clear that interbreeding between domesticated and wild Atlantic salmon can lead to negative fitness consequences for native populations. Few studies, however, have examined these consequences at critical early life stages, particularly in the context of distinct geographical and ancestral relationships among populations as well domestication selection. In Newfoundland (NF), Canada, while the majority of aquaculture sites use the North American (NA) Saint John River strain, site-specific permission has been granted to farm a strain of European origin (EO). We designed a common-garden experiment to compare fitness-related traits (e.g. development time, survival, size and growth) at different early-life stages (eye development, hatch and yolk absorption) among EO and NA farmed, 2 NF wild and F1 hybrid groups. Significant differences (p < 0.001) were observed in development time, survival, growth and energy conversion among farmed, F1 hybrid and wild populations. While pure populations (farmed and wild) differed amongst one another, we found few differences in fitness-related traits between F1 hybrids and their maternal wild/farmed strains. This suggests that the early-life fitness consequences of F1 hybridization will be largely manifested through the action of maternal effects. Additionally, significant associations between the maternal effects of egg size and alevin development time, size, survival, growth, condition and energy conversion efficiency were found. These findings suggest that early-life fitness-related trait differences among farmed, wild and their related F1 hybrids are generated by the geographic and ancestral relationship and maternal effects of egg size and less so by domestication selection.

KEY WORDS: Early-life development · Fitness-related traits · Hybridization · Salmo salar · Farmed-wild salmon interaction · Maternal effect · Egg size

Full text in pdf format
Supplementary material 
Cite this article as: Islam SS, Wringe BF, Bøe K, Bradbury IR, Fleming IA (2021) Early-life fitness trait variation among divergent European and North American farmed and Newfoundland wild Atlantic salmon populations. Aquacult Environ Interact 13:323-337.

Export citation
Mail this link - Contents Mailing Lists - RSS
Facebook - - linkedIn