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Aquaculture Environment Interactions

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AEI 13:413-423 (2021)  -  DOI:

Comparative growth, feeding and reproduction of hatchery-reared and wild mandarin fish Siniperca chuatsi in a shallow Yangtze lake, China

Wei Li1,2, Mingli Lin2,3, Shaowen Ye1,2, Jiashou Liu1,2, Rodolphe E. Gozlan4, Zhongjie Li1,2, Tanglin Zhang1,2,*

1State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, PR China
2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, PR China
3Institute of Deep-Sea Science and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Sanya 572000, PR China
4ISEM UMR226, Université de Montpellier, CNRS, IRD, EPHE, 34090 Montpellier, France
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Stocking hatchery-reared fish in natural shallow lakes is a common practice in Chinese fisheries. The success of these fisheries depends on the balance between the commercial value of the stock and the growth performance of stocked fish to rapidly reach commercial size. The mandarin fish Siniperca chuatsi has become a commercially important fishery in China. However, the performance of hatchery-reared mandarin fish (HMF) after release into natural environments and their interactions with wild mandarin fish (WMF) have received little attention. In this study, we compared the growth, feeding and reproduction of HMF with WMF in a shallow Yangtze lake. We found that 11 mo after release, the growth of HMF was significantly slower than that of WMF but rapidly caught up after 16-19 mo. This suggests that HMF may experience compensatory growth after 11 mo, which may be a result of a low reproductive investment compared to WMF. In addition, the trophic niche of HMF differed significantly from that of WMF, with a lower diversity of prey and a single dominant prey species. Furthermore, there was no significant diet overlap between HMF and WMF. Our findings demonstrated that the growth performance of HMF can equal or exceed that of wild conspecifics, and that there was limited diet overlap with WMF, suggesting that the current stock enhancement programmes of releasing HMF can result in fish similar to that of WMF, with limited foraging competition.

KEY WORDS: Hatchery-reared and wild fish · Growth · Feeding · Reproduction · Interactions · Fisheries management

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Cite this article as: Li W, Lin M, Ye S, Liu J, Gozlan RE, Li Z, Zhang T (2021) Comparative growth, feeding and reproduction of hatchery-reared and wild mandarin fish Siniperca chuatsi in a shallow Yangtze lake, China. Aquacult Environ Interact 13:413-423.

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