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Aquatic Microbial Ecology

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AME 84:15-29 (2020)  -  DOI:

Winter river plumes shape community composition and activity of heterotrophic microorganisms on the Oregon Coast

B. Kieft1,*, B. C. Crump2, A. E. White3, M. A. Goñi2, R. S. Mueller1

1Department of Microbiology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
2College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA
3Department of Oceanography, University of Hawai’i at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Rivers and estuaries along the central Oregon margin transport large amounts of fluvial- and terrestrial-derived materials into the coastal ocean during the winter season, which can become trapped in a nearshore coastal current by local density gradients and wind forcing. The influence of these substantial and persistent allochthonous inputs on wintertime biological activity in the Oregon coastal region is not well understood. We compared prokaryotic communities inside and outside of 2 buoyant coastal river plumes off the central Oregon coast in order to understand the relationship between plume conditions and the distributions of prokaryotic populations that form the base of the wintertime coastal food web by transforming carbon and nitrogen compounds. Both free-living and particle-associated communities inside nearshore plume zones were significantly different from communities outside the plume influence. Particulate organic matter concentrations correlated with the distribution of several Bacteroidetes populations with established roles in complex organic matter degradation in coastal ecosystems. Plume conditions also correlated with marine Gammaproteobacteria that are known to degrade terrestrially derived material. Peak heterotrophic respiration rates across sampling stations occurred at a local plume particle maximum, suggesting that particulate resources transported to coastal ocean waters by river plumes may be used or transformed by co-localized heterotrophic microorganisms. Taken together, the associations between river plume resources and prokaryotic populations implicated in organic matter turnover suggest that microbes in Oregon coastal ecosystems use allochthonous resources that are transported into the coastal ocean during winter, and that these resources help shape the coastal food web during the winter season.

KEY WORDS: 16S rDNA · Coastal carbon · Coastal ocean · Coastal plume · Community composition · Free-living bacteria · Particle-attached bacteria

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Cite this article as: Kieft B, Crump BC, White AE, Goñi MA, Mueller RS (2020) Winter river plumes shape community composition and activity of heterotrophic microorganisms on the Oregon Coast. Aquat Microb Ecol 84:15-29.

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