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Aquatic Microbial Ecology


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AME 87:151-166 (2021)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01975

Unraveling the distribution patterns of bacterioplankton in a mesoscale cyclonic eddy confined to an oxygen-depleted basin

Silvia Pajares*

Unidad Académica de Ecología y Biodiversidad Acuática, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510, Mexico City, Mexico
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Mesoscale eddies in oxygen minimum zones profoundly affect the structure and productivity of marine planktonic communities and alter key biogeochemical cycles. The influence of a mesoscale cyclonic eddy on the spatial distribution of bacterioplankton was investigated in a semi-enclosed, oxygen-depleted basin in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Most of the bacterial taxa showed a strong vertical distribution from oxygen-rich surface waters to anoxic bottom waters, but also a horizontal distribution pattern in the upper ocean associated with the eddy presence. Synechococcocales, Flavobacteriales, SAR86, and Actinomarinales were abundant in the euphotic zone within the Gulf of California water mass, whereas SAR324, SAR406, SAR202, SUP05, Arctic97B-4, and Thioglobaceae dominated the bottom layer of this basin within the Subtropical Subsurface water mass. In contrast, bacterial taxa with a preference for mesopelagic waters (Thiomicrospirales, SAR324, SAR202, HOC36, UBA10353 marine group, and Nitrospinales) dominated surface waters of the eddy center where common surface taxa (Synechococcus, SAR86, and Actinomarinales) were scarce. These changes in community composition led to a distinct diversity of bacterioplankton between the center and edges of the eddy within the euphotic zone. These results show the strong role of oxygen and water masses in controlling the vertical distribution of bacterioplankton, whereas the eddy more strongly modifies the bacterial assemblage in the upper ocean.


KEY WORDS: Bacterial community composition · Cyclonic eddy · Ocean minimum zone · Spatial distribution · 16S rRNA gene


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Cite this article as: Pajares S (2021) Unraveling the distribution patterns of bacterioplankton in a mesoscale cyclonic eddy confined to an oxygen-depleted basin. Aquat Microb Ecol 87:151-166. https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01975

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