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CR 07:11-20 (1996)  -  DOI:

A space-time stochastic climatological approach to daily global solar radiation

Matyasovszky I, Bogardi I

A stochastic climatological model is presented to describe the space-time behavior of daily global solar radiation measured by pyranometers. Due to the difficulty of describing daily global radiation by common probability distributions, a nonparametric technique, the Abramson kernel estimator, is used. The space-time climatological model of daily global radiation consists of a transformed multivariate autoregressive (AR) process conditioned on large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns. The transformation is necessary to establish a relationship between the probability distribution of global radiation and a normal variable used in the AR model. In order to check the stochastic model a simulation study was performed for 7 locations in Nebraska, USA. Although a split sampling approach could not be used due to the relatively small sample size the simulated probability distributions reproduced the empirical distributions quite correctly. Also, the space-time dependency was maintained. The methodology may be a useful tool to estimate local/regional radiation under climate change.

Global solar radiation · Probability distribution · Kernel estimator · Space-time model · Circulation patterns · Downscaling

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