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Climate Research

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CR 12:205-214 (1999)  -  doi:10.3354/cr012205

Impact of recent and future climate change on Estonian forestry and adaptation tools

Artur Nilson1, Andres Kiviste1,*, Henn Korjus1, Saadi Mihkelson1, Ivar Etverk1, Tõnu Oja2

1Estonian Agricultural University, Kreutzwaldi 5, Tartu 51014, Estonia
2University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, Tartu 51014, Estonia
*Addressee for correspondence. E-mail:

ABSTRACT: The possible impact of recent and predicted future climate change on forestry in Estonia was studied. The quickening forest growth, about 15% in the last 4 decades, was verified by statistical analysis of the growth of over 50000 stands, and quickening forest growth was predicted for the next century by the RipFor model. The risk of forest damage and the uncertainty of forest growth predictions have been increasing and will continue to do so. The genome diversity of the dominant tree species growing in Estonia is sufficient for adaptation to the changing climate conditions. Computer-aided decision support systems built into the forest management information system can improve forest management planning.

KEY WORDS: Climate change · Forest · Estonia · Accelerating growth · Model · Species · Genome · Damage · Decision making · Adaptation

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