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CR 47:145-150 (2011)  -  DOI:

Contribution to the CR Special: 'Climate services for sustainable development'

Framework for climate services in developing countries

F. H. M. Semazzi*

Department of Marine, Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University, Box 8208, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA

ABSTRACT: An embryonic framework now exists for the provision of climate services in developing countries via the Regional Climate Outlook Forum supported by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Climate Information and Prediction Services (CLIPS) project. However, in general, the major advances in climate science research made during recent decades have hardly improved climate services or socio-economic conditions. It is therefore important, while the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) is being developed, to examine the reasons for these shortcomings and formulate the appropriate mechanisms to address this problem. Although the lack of financial and technological resources, and the necessary infrastructure are critical drawbacks to addressing the climate change problem, we believe the major obstacle is the existence of a self-sustaining cycle, which is continuously eroding and undermining progress. This cycle begins with poor support and funding for research and climate services, leading to the inability of climate service providers to meet stakeholder needs and, thus, further eroding support and perpetuating the cycle. We propose an alternative approach that would break this cycle and create a new class of stakeholders for climate services in developing countries, who will use and advocate for funding and other forms of support for relevant research in the field and its outcomes. We propose a framework for the development of climate risk management strategies (CRMS) and climate services in developing countries. This framework comprises 3 components, namely, implementation sites for the CRMS incubation projects, a joint task force of Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) and CLIPS for guiding the relevant cross-cut research, and a WMO-World Climate Research Program mechanism for coordinating the CRMS agenda.

KEY WORDS: Climate services · CLIVAR · CLIPS · CRMS · GFCS

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Cite this article as: Semazzi FHM (2011) Framework for climate services in developing countries. Clim Res 47:145-150.

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