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CR 72:183-195 (2017)  -  DOI:

Perceptions of climate trends among Mexican maize farmers

Natalia Rodriguez1,*, Hallie Eakin1, Candida de Freitas Dewes2

1School of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85281, USA
2CIRES, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA and Physical Sciences Division, NOAA/ESRL, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Farmers around the world are among the groups most vulnerable to the effects of climate variability and change. Accurate perceptions of climate variability and change can help farmers take effective measures to protect their livelihoods against threats from local environmental change; conversely, understanding how farmers perceive threats from climate change (or not) can help policy-makers anticipate the diversity of strategies and behaviors that will ultimately shape the vulnerability of agriculture in the coming decades. Nevertheless, perceptions of climatic variability and change are influenced by far more than direct experience with and observations of weather and climate; thus, farmers’ perceptions may not always accurately reflect observed climatic trends. We analyzed Mexican maize farmers’ perceptions of change in drought frequency as a proxy for their perceptions of climate variability and change. Through statistical analyses of survey data collected from 1092 maize-producing households in Sinaloa, Chiapas, and the state of Mexico, we identified factors associated with the perception of change in drought frequency. Results showed that indigenous identity and receipt of credits or loans were the variables that most strongly influenced, either positively or negatively, perceptions of change in drought frequency. These results suggest that climate adaptation policies will need to go beyond focusing on agronomic options to consider the social and institutional contexts of farmers’ decision-making as important influences on their risk perception and adaptation strategies.

KEY WORDS: Mexico · Drought · Climate change · Perceptions · Adaptive capacity

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Cite this article as: Rodriguez N, Eakin H, de Freitas Dewes C (2017) Perceptions of climate trends among Mexican maize farmers. Clim Res 72:183-195.

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