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CR 73:187-194 (2017)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01473

Effects of a continental climate on the prevalence and severity of acute non-variceal gastrointestinal bleeding

Gábor Zsóri1,*, Viktória Terzin1, Dóra Illés1, Lajos András Szijártó2, Krisztina Boda2, László Czakó1

1University of Szeged, Faculty of Medicine, Albert Szent-Györgyi Medical and Pharmaceutical Center, First Department of Medicine, 6720 Szeged, Hungary
2University of Szeged, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Science and Informatics, Department of Medical Physics and Informatics, 6720 Szeged, Hungary
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Seasonal variations in acute gastrointestinal bleeding (AGIB) have rarely been studied, and the published results tend to be contradictory. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between changes in meteorological conditions and the occurrence and severity of AGIB in a continental climate. A retrospective analysis of hospital admissions for AGIB (n = 1033 patients) between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2012 took into consideration meteorological data obtained from the Hungarian National Meteorology Service. The severity of AGIB and ulcer bleeding was determined by the Glasgow Blatchford score (GBS) and the Forrest classification. No correlations were revealed regarding the monthly and seasonal fluctuations of AGIB, but we did find a significant correlation between the occurrence of AGIB and daily mean temperature. Humidity correlated significantly with the severity of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), and meteorological front movement rates were correlated with the number of lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) cases. Data showed no significant correlations between gastric and duodenal ulcers and climatic factors such as front movement rates, atmospheric pressure, humidity, daily mean temperature and the presence of a full moon.


KEY WORDS: Daily mean temperature · Front movement rate · Ulcer · Humidity · Acute non‑variceal gastrointestinal bleeding · Climatic factors


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Cite this article as: Zsóri G, Terzin V, Illés D, Szijártó LA, Boda K, Czakó L (2017) Effects of a continental climate on the prevalence and severity of acute non-variceal gastrointestinal bleeding. Clim Res 73:187-194. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01473

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