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CR 81:91-112 (2020)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01611

REVIEW
Urban climate research and planning applications in China: a scientometric and long-term review (1963-2018) based on CiteSpace

Feihao Chen1,*, Yefu Chen2

1School of Architecture, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
2School of Architecture, the University of Texas at Austin, TX 78712, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Urban climate research is essential for sustainable development. Few review papers have focused on long-term research and planning applications in China. We conducted a bibliometric review by using CiteSpace to elaborate changes in hot spots, frontiers, development processes, and applications of urban climate research from 1963 to 2018. The identified research could be categorized into 4 major research hot spots: (1) the urban climate effect brought on by urbanization; (2) analysis of meteorological factors and conditions; (3) numerical simulation of urban climate; and (4) urban planning and design in the context of climate change. Moreover, 15 of the most frequently cited key words indicating research frontiers with specific time patterns were detected, and 4 key aspects were identified in terms of research topic: urban climate effects and mechanisms, progress and reform of meteorological service systems, multi-scale numerical modeling, and mitigation and adaptation strategies for addressing climate change. Climate applications in China have undergone changes from the early wind rose map, to the use of multiple meteorological elements as a guide to city planning, and recently, to the adoption of emerging applications. Challenges and prospects, including the probable effects of the government and policies, specific long-standing research gaps, the paradigm shift in urban planning, and the requirement for readily available urban data were also highlighted. This study provides a holistic perspective on the development process of long-term urban climate research in China. The findings may be pivotal in understanding the inner logic behind policies and their implementations and are expected to pave the way for exploring new paths in urban sustainable development and planning transformation.


KEY WORDS: Urban climate · China’s research and applications · Development process · Bibliometric


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Cite this article as: Chen F, Chen Y (2020) Urban climate research and planning applications in China: a scientometric and long-term review (1963-2018) based on CiteSpace. Clim Res 81:91-112. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01611

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