Inter-Research > CR > v89 > p15-28  
Climate Research

via Mailchimp

CR 89:15-28 (2022)  -  DOI:

When crop producers face dynamic climate risks in Ethiopia: exploring determinants behind choices of adaptation strategies

Sisay Belay Bedeke1,2,*

1Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture, Wolaita Sodo University, PO Box 138, Sodo, Ethiopia
2Center for Humanitarian Action, School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield Dublin 4, Ireland
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Farmers in Ethiopia frequently adopt different combinations of local adaptation strategies to fight against climate change and other economic stresses. This study contributes to the existing research by identifying determinants behind the choice of adaptation strategies in 2 districts of Ethiopia. Data on demographics, socio-economics, biophysical characteristics as well as adaptation strategies were collected through in-depth household surveys using structured and semi-structured questionnaires. A multistage sampling technique was employed to select 340 households for the interviews. Data were analysed through the application of a multinomial logistic regression model. The results show that male-headed households who recognize climate change as a result of having access to weather information delivered by extension agents, are more likely to choose improved crop varieties compared to female-headed households. Such characteristics of farmers also significantly influence the choice of using crop diversification strategies, including mixed use of maize with legumes. Farmers who have large landholdings are less likely to diversify crop production and income strategies compared to farmers with smaller landholdings. The results suggest that farmers can significantly contribute to local-based adaptation policy formulation and support resilience building. However, more socio-economic and institutional support for farmers in terms of research, innovation and awareness creation should be provided.

KEY WORDS: Adaptation choices · Climate information · Farmers · Resilience · Determinants · Ethiopia

Full text in pdf format 
Cite this article as: Bedeke SB (2022) When crop producers face dynamic climate risks in Ethiopia: exploring determinants behind choices of adaptation strategies. Clim Res 89:15-28.

Export citation
RSS - Facebook - - linkedIn