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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 111:23-29 (2014)  -  DOI:

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) genome stability maintained over six passages through three different penaeid shrimp species

M. Sindhupriya*, P. Saravanan*, S. K. Otta**, C. Bala Amarnath, R. Arulraj, T. Bhuvaneswari, P. Ezhil Praveena, K. P. Jithendran, A. G. Ponniah

Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture, 75 Santhome High Road, R.A. Puram, Chennai—600 028, India
*These authors contributed equally to this work**‑Corresponding author: ,

ABSTRACT: White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) replicates rapidly, can be extremely pathogenic and is a common cause of mass mortality in cultured shrimp. Variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) sequences present in the open reading frame (ORF)94, ORF125 and ORF75 regions of the WSSV genome have been used widely as genetic markers in epidemiological studies. However, reports that VNTRs might evolve rapidly following even a single transmission through penaeid shrimp or other crustacean hosts have created confusion as to how VNTR data is interpreted. To examine VNTR stability again, 2 WSSV strains (PmTN4RU and LvAP11RU) with differing ORF94 tandem repeat numbers and slight differences in apparent virulence were passaged sequentially 6 times through black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon, Indian white shrimp Feneropenaeus indicus or Pacific white leg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. PCR analyses to genotype the ORF94, ORF125 and ORF75 VNTRs did not identify any differences from either of the 2 parental WSSV strains after multiple passages through any of the shrimp species. These data were confirmed by sequence analysis and indicate that the stability of the genome regions containing these VNTRs is quite high at least for the WSSV strains, hosts and number of passages examined and that the VNTR sequences thus represent useful genetic markers for studying WSSV epidemiology.

KEY WORDS: White spot syndrome virus · WSSV · Genotyping · Variable-number tandem repeat · VNTR · Multiple passage · Host variation

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Cite this article as: Sindhupriya M, Saravanan P, Otta SK, Amarnath CB and others (2014) White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) genome stability maintained over six passages through three different penaeid shrimp species. Dis Aquat Org 111:23-29.

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