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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 111:239-248 (2014)  -  DOI:

Biochemical reference intervals and pathophysiological changes in Flavobacterium psychrophilum-resistant and -susceptible rainbow trout lines

David P. Marancik1,*, Melinda S. Camus2, Alvin C. Camus2, Timothy D. Leeds1, Gregory M. Weber1, Gregory D. Wiens1,*

1National Center for Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture, USDA-ARS, 11861 Leetown Rd, Kearneysville, WV 25430, USA
2University of Georgia, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathology, Athens, GA 22602, USA

ABSTRACT: Host genetic resistance against disease-causing pathogens can be enhanced through family-based selective breeding. At present, there is an incomplete understanding of how artificial selection of fish alters host physiology and response following pathogen exposure. We previously reported the generation of selectively-bred rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss lines with either increased resistance (ARS-Fp-R) or susceptibility (ARS-Fp-S) to bacterial cold water disease (BCWD). This study (1) determined baseline reference-range intervals for packed cell volume (PCV) and 18 plasma biochemistry analytes, and (2) examined pathophysiological changes following infection between the genetic lines. PCV and biochemistry reference-range intervals did not significantly differ between genetic lines; thus data were pooled into a single reference-range population (n = 85). ARS-Fp-R and ARS-Fp-S line fish were intraperitoneally challenged with Flavobacterium psychrophilum, and plasma was collected on Days 1, 3, 6, and 9 post-challenge. Splenic bacterial load was measured using an F. psychrophilum-specific qPCR assay. In both genetic lines, changes were observed in mean PCV, total protein, albumin, glucose, cholesterol, chloride, and calcium, falling outside the established reference intervals and significantly differing from phosphate-buffered saline challenged fish, on at least 1d post-challenge. Mean PCV, total protein, and calcium significantly differed between ARS-Fp-R and ARS-Fp-S line fish on Day 9 post-infection, with values in the ARS-Fp-S line deviating most from the reference interval. PCV, total protein, cholesterol, and calcium negatively correlated with bacterial load. These findings identify divergent pathophysiological responses between ARS-Fp-R and ARS-Fp-S line fish following laboratory challenge that are likely associated with differential survival.

KEY WORDS: Bacterial cold water disease · BCWD · Flavobacteriosis · Oncorhynchus mykiss · Disease resistance · Breeding program · Pathophysiology · Biochemistry

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Cite this article as: Marancik DP, Camus MS, Camus AC, Leeds TD, Weber GM, Wiens GD (2014) Biochemical reference intervals and pathophysiological changes in Flavobacterium psychrophilum-resistant and -susceptible rainbow trout lines. Dis Aquat Org 111:239-248.

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