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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 112:251-255 (2015)  -  DOI:

Asian strain of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis is widespread in the Western Ghats, India

Sanjay Molur1,2,3, Keerthi Krutha2, Mandar S. Paingankar1,4, Neelesh Dahanukar1,5,*

1Systematics, Ecology and Conservation Laboratory, Zoo Outreach Organization, Coimbatore, India
2Field Research Division, Wildlife Information Liaison Development, Coimbatore, India
3Conservation Breeding Specialist Group South Asia, Coimbatore, India
4Department of Zoology, University of Pune, Pune, India
5Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune, India
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: We investigated the distribution of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) fungal infections in amphibians of the Western Ghats mountain range in India, based on data from 497 samples. Eight individuals were positive, with genomic equivalents ranging from 2 to 785 zoospores. A single widespread Bd strain identical to the haplotype endemic to Asia was isolated. Our findings suggest that chytridiomycosis is widespread among the endemic and threatened amphibians of the entire stretch of the Western Ghats. An ecological niche-based prediction model based on all Bd-positive reports from the Western Ghats to date suggested a higher probability of infection in the central Western Ghats of Karnataka and northern Kerala states, which host a rich diversity of endemic and threatened amphibians.

KEY WORDS: Endemic amphibians · Threatened amphibians · Conservation · Niche modeling

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Cite this article as: Molur S, Krutha K, Paingankar MS, Dahanukar N (2015) Asian strain of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis is widespread in the Western Ghats, India. Dis Aquat Org 112:251-255.

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