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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 119:85-89 (2016)  -  DOI:

Angioleiomyoma in a conger (Conger conger)

F. Marino1,*, L. Licata2, M. Albano1, A. Ieni2, G. Di Caro1, B. Macrì1

1Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie, Polo Universitario dell’Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy
2Dipartimento di Patologia Umana ‘G. Barresi’, AOU ‘Policlinico G. Martino’, 98125 Messina, Italy
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: A wild adult male conger Conger conger, captured by a SCUBA diver in the waters of coastal Italy, was sent for laboratory analysis due to the presence of multiple productive ulcerous skin lesions localized in the dorso-lateral body area, caudally to the gill operculum under the dorsal fin. The main mass was sessile, ulcerated and hemorrhaging in appearance and was surrounded by several smaller masses, which originated peripherally from the same mass or were isolated, always with a tendency to ulceration. Histology confirmed that the newly formed tissue originated from derma invading the closer tissues. The tumour consisted of spindle cells, each with an ovoidal nucleus and rarely with evident nucleoli, which were arranged in parallel or storiform patterns and were often surrounding blood-filled spaces discontinuously lined by endothelial cells. Tumour tissue was richly vascularized and no mitoses were seen. The overlying epidermis was ulcerated. Masson’s trichrome technique indicated the presence of a small amount of perivascular connective tissue. No excessive glycogen storage, bacteria, virus or fungi were detected by periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-reaction. Immunohistochemistry showed dot-like or diffuse cytoplasmic positivity against smooth muscle actin and the monoclonal antibody D2-40. CD34 exhibited relevant immunoreactivity at plasma membranes. Growth fraction evaluated using MIB-1 was <1%. Immunoreactions for wide spectrum CK, CK5/6, CK8, CK18, EMA, desmin, myoglobin, S-100, CD20, CD68, GFAP, and NSE were negative. Histopathological and immunohistochemical results supported a diagnosis of angioleiomyoma, a benign tumour of the muscular cellular component of the blood vessels. To our knowledge, this is the first report of such neoplasms in fishes in which monoclonal antibodies work on fish tissues, facilitating a useful immunohistochemical approach for differential diagnosis.

KEY WORDS: Angioleiomyoma · Conger · Immunohistochemistry

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Cite this article as: Marino F, Licata L, Albano M, Ieni A, Di Caro G, Macrì B (2016) Angioleiomyoma in a conger (Conger conger). Dis Aquat Org 119:85-89.

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