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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 125:115-124 (2017)  -  DOI:

Oral neoplasms in pickhandle barracuda Sphyraena jello from India

V. Singaravel1, A. Gopalakrishnan1,*, K. Raja1,2, R. Vijayakumar1, S. Asrafuzzaman

1Centre of Advanced Study in Maine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Parangipettai 608 502, Tamil Nadu, India
2PG & Research Department of Zoology, Government Arts College, C. Mutlur-608 102, Tamil Nadu, India
3Department of Zoology, Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Bhubansewar, Odisha 751 004, India
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: We report the spontaneous occurrence of oral neoplasms in pickhandle barracuda Sphyraena jello Cuvier, 1829 from Parangipettai, on the southeast coast of India. A total of 11736 fish were examined, of which 43 were affected with oral tumours, with an overall prevalence of 0.37%. Gross and clinical symptoms included reddish to grayish-white distended tumourous growths on the gingiva, intra-oral bones and tongue. The tumours exhibited delayed eruption and intra- or extra-oral swelling, varied in consistency from extremely firm to fleshy and released mucinous material. The majority of tumours consisted of numerous clumped toothlets, but some included hardened tissues. Local area invasion/transmission was observed in most cases; however, necropsy examination revealed no gross evidence of distant metastasis into visceral organs. Radiographic examination of compound odontomas revealed distinct unilocular radio-opaque mini-toothlets surrounded by defined radiolucency, whereas complex odontomas exhibited unilocular and indistinct radio-opaque masses within a much more extensive radiolucent zone. Histopathologically, the intra-oral tumour lesions were characterized by numerous imperfect (germ) toothlets consisting of a disorganized combination of dental tissues: pulp tissues with manifested and predominantly mixed hard dental tissues of immature dentine and enamel, numerous small to large and round to polyhedral ossicles embedded in hypocellular fibrous stromal tissues and sparsely spaced bland spindloid cells with cleft-like spaces of loose mucoid stroma. Histochemically, the neoplastic lesions stained positive for periodic acid-Schiff and Masson’s trichrome. Based on the clinical and histological findings, the tumours were diagnosed as compound odontomas, complex odontomas, odontogenic myxomas, lingual myxomas and psammomatoid ossifying fibromas.

KEY WORDS: Sphyraena jello · Neoplasms · Odontoma · Myxoma · Psammomatoid ossifying fibroma

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Cite this article as: Singaravel V, Gopalakrishnan A, Raja K, Vijayakumar R, Asrafuzzaman S (2017) Oral neoplasms in pickhandle barracuda Sphyraena jello from India. Dis Aquat Org 125:115-124.

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