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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 126:125-134 (2017)  -  DOI:

Experimental inoculation of oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)

Caiyuan Zhao1, Hongtuo Fu1,2,*, Shengming Sun2, Hui Qiao2, Wenyi Zhang2, Shubo Jin2, Sufei Jiang2, Yiwei Xiong2, Yongsheng Gong2

1Wuxi Fisheries College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Wuxi 214081, China
2Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fisheries and Germplasm Resources Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Wuxi 214081, China
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: The oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense is an economically important species that is widely farmed in China. White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is one of the most devastating pathogens of the cultured shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei, responsible for massive loss of its commercial products worldwide. We investigated the infectivity and pathogenicity of WSSV in adult M. nipponense using standardized conditions for L. vannamei. The median lethal dose of WSSV in adult M. nipponense was 103.84±0.06 copies g–1, which was about 1000-fold higher than in L. vannamei (100.59±0.22 copies g–1). WSSV was detected by 2-step PCR in the gills, hepatopancreas, muscle, stomach, heart, gut, nerve, integument, pereopod, eyestalk, testis, and ovary of experimentally infected dead M. nipponense. Lesions were observed histologically following WSSV injection, showing basophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies in the hepatopancreas and subsequently in the gills. The clearance of WSSV was observed in hepatopancreas and gills at 48 and 96 h post-inoculation, respectively. No histological lesions were detected in muscle from 0–96 h post-injection. The results show that the oriental river prawn M. nipponense can be infected by WSSV and the infections are self limiting over time; therefore, M. nipponense may serve as a useful model for studying resistance to WSSV.

KEY WORDS: Nimaviridae · Whispovirus · Crustacean · LD50 · Histopathology

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Cite this article as: Zhao C, Fu H, Sun S, Qiao H and others (2017) Experimental inoculation of oriental river prawn Macrobrachium nipponense with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). Dis Aquat Org 126:125-134.

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