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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 130:159-164 (2018)  -  DOI:

Larval digenean communities in Biomphalaria species in two contrasting wetlands from South America

Maria V. Fernández*, Monika I. Hamann

CONICET-CECOAL, Ruta 5, Km 2.5, W 3400 AMD, Corrientes, Argentina
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: A key factor in the colonization probabilities of parasites is the host’s characteristic habitat. Considering that rice fields are simple habitats compared with natural wetlands, we comparatively analyzed the composition of the cercariae communities in Biomphalaria snails in an agricultural and a nonagricultural habitat of Corrientes Province, Argentina. We collected 2998 Biomphalaria snails from November 2011 to May 2012: B. tenagophila, B. occidentalis, B. peregrina, and B. orbignyi in the nonagricultural habitat and B. straminea in the agricultural habitat. Nine cercaria species were found in the nonagricultural habitat and 12 in the agricultural habitat, with overall parasite prevalence of 9.27 and 7.69%, respectively. The overall prevalence and mean species richness of cercariae showed no significant differences between habitats. The cercariae communities of the 2 habitats showed low similarity (38%), sharing 4 species. The mean species diversity of cercariae was higher in the nonagricultural habitat. Our results suggest that rice fields provide conditions for the hosts and cercariae that are somewhat similar to those of nonagricultural wetlands, although the contrasting characteristics of habitats can influence the presence of different intermediate and definitive hosts and consequently impact parasite diversity.

KEY WORDS: Digenea · Cercariae · Rice fields · Natural wetlands · Biodiversity

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Cite this article as: Fernández MV, Hamann MI (2018) Larval digenean communities in Biomphalaria species in two contrasting wetlands from South America. Dis Aquat Org 130:159-164.

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