Inter-Research > DAO > v134 > n3 > p189-195  

DAO 134:189-195 (2019)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03370

Susceptibility of Pacific white snook Centropomus viridis to Vibrio species

S. A. Soto-Rodriguez*, R. Lozano-Olvera, S. M. Abad-Rosales, J. M. Martínez-Brown, L. Ibarra-Castro

CIAD, AC Mazatlan Unit for Aquaculture and Environmental Management, 82112 Mazatlan, Sinaloa, Mexico
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: To examine the pathogenicity of Vibrio strains, several doses of Vibrio harveyi (CAIM 1622 and CAIM 1508), Vibrio ponticus (CAIM 1751) and Vibrio anguillarum (CAIM 8) were used to challenge Pacific white snook Centropomus viridis Lockington, 1877 juveniles, and survival, gross signs and histological lesions were observed. Susceptibility of pathogenic vibrios CAIM 1508 and CAIM 1751 to antibiotics used in aquaculture was also evaluated. The growth ability of the tested strains was not related to their pathogenicity. One of the V. harveyi strains (CAIM 1508) was the most virulent, causing per-acute septicaemia in C. viridis even at a low dose (1.4 × 104 CFU g-1). Although the V. ponticus strain (CAIM 1751) was less virulent, this is the first report of it as a pathogen of white snook. Fish challenged with V. ponticus displayed external, generalized haemorrhaging. Necrosis of the digestive tract and intravascular haemosiderosis were the most remarkable histological lesions in fish challenged with both strains. Multifocal necrosis of the internal organs and bacterial masses was also observed. The lowest minimum inhibitory concentration of the pathogenic strains (CAIM 1508 and CAIM 1751) was calculated for enrofloxacin (20 and 10 µg ml-1, respectively), and both bacteria were resistant to amoxicillin, ampicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.


KEY WORDS: Vibriosis · White snook · Clinical signs · Histology


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Cite this article as: Soto-Rodriguez SA, Lozano-Olvera R, Abad-Rosales SM, Martínez-Brown JM, Ibarra-Castro L (2019) Susceptibility of Pacific white snook Centropomus viridis to Vibrio species. Dis Aquat Org 134:189-195. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03370

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