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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 136:243-253 (2019)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03411

REVIEW
History of perspectives on the study of coral disease in the eastern tropical Pacific

J. C. Rodríguez-Villalobos1,2,*, H. Reyes-Bonilla1

1Departamento Académico de Ciencieas Marinas y Costeras, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur, Carretera al sur Km 5. 5, Colonia El Mezquitito, CP 23080, La Paz, Baja California Sur, México
2ECO: Ecosistemas y Conservación Proazul Terrestre A. C. Calle Héroes de Independencia 2440, Colonia Zona Centro, CP 23000, La Paz, Baja California Sur, México
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Disease in coral species is one factor associated with the current degradation process of tropical reefs. The history of research on coral pathologies dates to 1970 with the first reports of diseases in the Greater Caribbean and Indo-Pacific regions, although some anecdotal observations were made earlier. Today, there is information on the health conditions of >200 coral species in 70 countries. The special natural conditions under which reefs develop in the eastern tropical Pacific (ETP) and the predominance of a single coral genus, Pocillopora (a host highly susceptible to disease), leave them vulnerable to health impairments and the loss of viability, structure and function in the wider ecosystem. Therefore, coral reefs in the ETP are ideal systems for studies of biodiversity and survivorship. To clarify the status of knowledge on coral diseases in the ETP, we reviewed scientific studies conducted there from 1970-2018, comparing 127 publications to literature on other reef regions in the Pacific. Despite the vulnerability of reefs in the ETP, only limited information exists describing and investigating the etiology of lesions and other signs of health deterioration in corals, and there are few baseline studies of coral reefs or analyses of the spatial and temporal dynamics of disease syndromes. In general, efforts to study coral diseases in the ETP are inadequate.


KEY WORDS: Coral reefs · Condition · Threats · Pocillopora


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Cite this article as: Rodríguez-Villalobos JC, Reyes-Bonilla H (2019) History of perspectives on the study of coral disease in the eastern tropical Pacific. Dis Aquat Org 136:243-253. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03411

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