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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 137:41-46 (2019)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03425

Strain variability and pathogenic potential of tdhcarrying Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from diseased Penaeus monodon

P. Shaheer, P. G. Akhilnath, V. N. Sreejith, T. C. Joseph*, V. Murugadas, K. V. Lalitha

Microbiology, Fermentation and Biotechnology Division, Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Matsyapuri P.O., Cochin 682029, Kerala, India
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: A disease outbreak in 42-d-old black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon juveniles from a commercial aquaculture farm in Kerala, India, was investigated. The cause of the disease outbreak was confirmed as Vibrio parahaemolyticus by biochemical tests, PCR targeting the toxR gene and pathogenicity testing of the isolates. All of the isolates tested negative by PCR specific for V. parahaemolyticus associated with acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND), implicating vibriosis unrelated to AHPND as the cause of mortality. Among the 19 isolates obtained, 2 possessed the tdh gene (coding for thermo-stable hemolysin), whereas none of the isolates possessed trh. The LD50 value of 8 isolates of V. parahaemolyticus from diseased and apparently healthy shrimp ranged from 2.7 × 104 to 4.9 × 105 CFU ml-1 by immersion challenge of P. monodon postlarvae. BOX-PCR and dendrogram analysis of the bacterial isolates revealed that the isolates from moribund and apparently healthy shrimp formed separate clusters, indicating that these isolates originate from separate clones. The isolates from moribund shrimp including tdh-positive V. parahaemolyticus clustered together. The present study represents the first report of tdh-positive V. parahaemolyticus causing disease in a shrimp farm.


KEY WORDS: Penaeus monodon · Tiger shrimp · Vibriosis · Vibrio parahaemolyticus · Hemolysin gene · Molecular typing · BOX PCR · Aquaculture


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Cite this article as: Shaheer P, Akhilnath PG, Sreejith VN, Joseph TC, Murugadas V, Lalitha KV (2019) Strain variability and pathogenic potential of tdhcarrying Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from diseased Penaeus monodon. Dis Aquat Org 137:41-46. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03425

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