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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 138:111-120 (2020)  -  DOI:

Effect of a functional feed additive on mitigation of experimentally induced gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata enteromyxosis

O. Palenzuela1,*, R. Del Pozo1, M. C. Piazzon1, M. M. Isern-Subich2, S. Ceulemans2, P. Coutteau2, A. Sitjà-Bobadilla1

1Fish Pathology Group, Institute of Aquaculture Torre de la Sal (IATS-CSIC), 12595 Castellón, Spain
2Adisseo, 9200 Dendermonde, Belgium
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: In gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata, infection by Enteromyxum leei produces a cachectic syndrome with anorexia, weight loss, severe epaxial muscle atrophy and, eventually, death. Currently, there are neither vaccines nor effective prescription medicines to control this infection. Nutraceutical approaches are raising interest in the aquaculture industry, responding to the lack of therapeutic tools for the management of insidious chronic losses due to parasites. In this study, the effect of a commercially available health-promoting feed additive (SANACORE® GM) at 2 different doses was tested in comparison with a basal diet without the additive during a laboratory-controlled challenge with E. leei. Group performance and biometrical values were monitored, and an in-depth parasitological diagnosis, quantification of parasite loads and histopathological examination were carried out at the end of the trial. Supplemented diets mitigated the anorexia and growth arrestment observed in challenged fish fed the basal diet. This mitigation was maximum in the highest dose group, whose growth performance was not different from that of unchallenged controls. Treated groups also presented lower prevalence of infection and a lower parasite load, although the differences in the mean intensity of infection were not statistically significant. Although the decrease in parasite levels was similar with both doses of additive tested, the pathogeny of the infection was mostly suppressed with the higher dose, while only mitigated with the lower dose. The mechanisms involved in the effects obtained remain to be investigated, but the results point to a modulation of the immunopathological response to the infection.

KEY WORDS: Parasites · Aquaculture · Enteromyxum leei · Functional feed additives · Treatments · Sparus aurata · SANACORE · Myxozoa

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Cite this article as: Palenzuela O, Del Pozo R, Piazzon MC, Isern-Subich MM, Ceulemans S, Coutteau P, Sitjà-Bobadilla A (2020) Effect of a functional feed additive on mitigation of experimentally induced gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata enteromyxosis. Dis Aquat Org 138:111-120.

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