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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 143:169-188 (2021)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03564

Analytical validation of two RT-qPCR tests and detection of spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) in persistently infected koi Cyprinus carpio

Sharon C. Clouthier1,*, Tamara Schroeder1, Emma K. Bueren2,4, Eric D. Anderson3, Eveline Emmenegger2

1Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Freshwater Institute, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N6, Canada
2US Geological Survey, Western Fisheries Research Center, Seattle, WA 98115, USA
3Box 28, Group 30, RR2, Ste Anne, Manitoba R5H 1R2, Canada
4Present address: Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) ia a carp sprivivirus and a member of the genus Sprivivirus within the family Rhabdoviridae. The virus is the etiological agent of spring viremia of carp, a disease of cyprinid species including koi Cyprinus carpio L. and notifiable to the World Organisation for Animal Health. The goal of this study was to explore hypotheses regarding inter-genogroup (Ia to Id) SVCV infection dynamics in juvenile koi and contemporaneously create new reverse-transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) assays and validate their analytical sensitivity, specificity (ASp) and repeatability for diagnostic detection of SVCV. RT-qPCR diagnostic tests targeting the SVCV nucleoprotein (Q2N) or glycoprotein (Q1G) nucleotides were pan-specific for isolates typed to SVCV genogroups Ia to Id. The Q2N test had broader ASp than Q1G because Q1G did not detect SVCV isolate 20120450 and Q2N displayed occasional detection of pike fry sprivivirus isolate V76. Neither test cross-reacted with other rhabdoviruses, infectious pancreatic necrosis virus or co-localizing cyprinid herpesvirus 3. Both tests were sensitive with observed 50% limits of detection of 3 plasmid copies and high repeatability. Test analysis of koi immersed in SVCV showed that the virus could be detected for at least 167 d following exposure and that titer, prevalence, replicative rate and persistence in koi were correlated significantly with virus virulence. In this context, high virulence SVCV isolates were more prevalent, reached higher titers quicker and persisted in koi for longer periods of time relative to moderate and low virulence isolates.


KEY WORDS: SVCV · RT-qPCR · Analytical specificity · Analytical sensitivity · Persistent infection · Koi · Sprivivirus


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Cite this article as: Clouthier SC, Schroeder T, Bueren EK, Anderson ED, Emmenegger E (2021) Analytical validation of two RT-qPCR tests and detection of spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) in persistently infected koi Cyprinus carpio. Dis Aquat Org 143:169-188. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03564

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