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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 144:117-121 (2021)  -  DOI:

Detection of RGNNV genotype betanodavirus in the Black Sea and monitoring studies

Murat Kaplan*, Kemal Pekmez, Buket Özkan, Abdurrahman Anıl Çağırgan, Gülnur Kalaycı

Izmir/Bornova Veterinary Control Institute, Virology Department, 35010, Izmir, Turkey
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Viral nervous necrosis (VNN), caused by betanodavirus, is a significant viral infection that threatens marine aquaculture. Freshwater and marine fish farms in Turkey are subjected to annual pathogen screenings. In 2016, during the Nervous Necrosis Virus screening program conducted in the Black Sea, betanodavirus was unexpectedly detected using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in apparently healthy sea bass. Phylogenetic analysis of both the RNA1 and RNA2 segments of the virus determined that the betanodavirus detected was red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus genotype (RGNNV). Following the initial discovery of betanodavirus in the Black Sea, monitoring studies performed over a 3 yr period have not indicated any additional presence of the virus. The absence of clinical symptoms related to VNN disease in the area’s marine fish farms and the surrounding detection zone, and the fact that the virus has not been detected anew in monitoring programmes conducted following the initial detection, indicate that there is no virus circulation in the detection zone.

KEY WORDS: Betanodavirus · Black Sea · Screening-monitoring · Red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus · RGNNV · Sea bass

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Cite this article as: Kaplan M, Pekmez K, Özkan B, Çağırgan AA, Kalaycı G (2021) Detection of RGNNV genotype betanodavirus in the Black Sea and monitoring studies. Dis Aquat Org 144:117-121.

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