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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 153:95-105 (2023)  -  DOI:

Shrimp MultiPath™ multiplexed PCR white spot syndrome virus detection in penaeid shrimp

R. J. Moser1, S. M. Firestone2, L. M. Franz1, B. Genz1, M. J. Sellars1,*

1Genics Pty Ltd., Level 5, 60 Research Road, St Lucia, Qld 4067, Australia
2Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: White spot syndrome virus (WSSV), which causes white spot disease, is one of the notoriously feared infectious agents in the shrimp industry, inflicting estimated production losses world-wide of up to US$1 billion annually. Cost-effective accessible surveillance testing and targeted diagnosis are key to alerting shrimp industries and authorities worldwide early about WSSV carrier status in targeted shrimp populations. Here we present key validation pathway metrics for the Shrimp MultiPathTM (SMP) WSSV assay as part of the multi-pathogen detection platform. With superior throughput, fast turn-around time, and extremely low cost per test, the SMP WSSV assay achieves a high level of analytical sensitivity (~2.9 copies), perfect analytical specificity (~100%), and good intra- and inter-run repeatability (coefficient of variation <5%). The diagnostic metrics were estimated using Bayesian latent class analysis on data from 3 experimental shrimp populations from Latin America with distinct WSSV prevalence and yielded a diagnostic sensitivity of 95% and diagnostic specificity of 99% for SMP WSSV, which was higher than these parameters for the TaqMan quantitative PCR (qPCR) assays currently recommended by the World Organisation for Animal Health and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. This paper additionally presents compelling data for the use of synthetic double-stranded DNA analyte spiked into pathogen-naïve shrimp tissue homogenate as a means to substitute clinical samples for assay validation pathways targeting rare pathogens. SMP WSSV shows analytical and diagnostic metrics comparable to qPCR-based assays and demonstrates fit-for-purpose performance for detection of WSSV in clinically diseased and apparently healthy animals.

KEY WORDS: Shrimp MultiPathTM · SMP · Multiplexed PCR · Pathogen · Diagnosis

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Cite this article as: Moser RJ, Firestone SM, Franz LM, Genz B, Sellars MJ (2023) Shrimp MultiPath™ multiplexed PCR white spot syndrome virus detection in penaeid shrimp. Dis Aquat Org 153:95-105.

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