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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 28:31-38 (1997)  -  doi:10.3354/dao028031

Appearance of infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) and neutralizing antibodies in sockeye salmon Onchorynchus nerka during their migration and maturation period

Traxler GS, Roome JR, Lauda KA, LaPatra S

The appearance of infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN) virus and the presence of neutralizing antibodies were determined in a population of adult sockeye Oncorhynchus nerka salmon during their spawning migration. Both IHN virus and neutralizing antibodies were detected in sockeye salmon while still in sea water. This is the first reported finding of the virus in wild salmonids in the marine environment and suggests the possibility of a marine host or reservoir. The possibility of vertical or egg-associated transmission was investigated by crossing adults with different titers of IHN virus and also by exposing these gametes to the virus to increase the chances of infecting progeny. Vertical transmission of IHN virus was not observed in eggs or fry from the crosses of IHN infected broodfish, even when eggs were water-hardened in the presence of the virus.

Sockeye salmon · Oncorhynchus nerka · Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus · Vertical transmission · Neutralizing antibodies · Sea water

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