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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 33:221-229 (1998)  -  doi:10.3354/dao033221

Characterization of a non-occluded baculovirus-like agent pathogenic to penaeid shrimp

E. Cesar B. Nadala Jr*, Lourdes M. Tapay, Philip C. Loh

Department of Microbiology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA

ABSTRACT: A non-occluded baculovirus-like agent recently isolated by this laboratory from moribund Penaeus japonicus shrimps obtained from China and named Chinese baculovirus (CBV) was purified and some of its properties characterized. Under the electron microscope, negatively stained virus particles were rod-shaped, enveloped, and measured 322 to 378 nm in length and 130 to 159 nm in diameter. The nucleoprotein core exhibited a unique striated structure and measured 316 to 350 nm in length and 65 to 66 nm in diameter. The striations appear to be the result of the stacking of ring-like structures. These rings consisted of 2 rows of 12 to 14 globular subunits. Each globular subunit measured approximately 10 nm in diameter. SDS-PAGE gels of purified virus preparations showed, among several, 4 prominent protein bands with approximate molecular weights of 19, 23.5, 27.5 and 75 kDa. The structural viral proteins were identified by western blot analysis using polyclonal hyperimmune serum made against purified CBV. The 19, 27.5, and 75 kDa structural proteins were determined to be non-glycosylated components associated with the viral envelope. The 23.5 kDa protein, also non-glycosylated, was identified with the capsid structure. Viral genomic DNA digested with Hind III restriction endonuclease revealed at least 29 different fragments with a conservatively estimated total size of at least 183 kb.

KEY WORDS: Chinese baculovirus · Baculovirus · Penaeid shrimp

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