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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 45:191-196 (2001)  -  doi:10.3354/dao045191

Gyrodactyloides bychowskii (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae) from sea-caged Atlantic salmon Salmo salar in Scotland: occurrence and ribosomal RNA sequence analysis

David W. Bruno1,*, Catherine M. Collins2, Carey O. Cunningham1, Ken MacKenzie3

1FRS Marine Laboratory, PO Box 101, Victoria Road, Aberdeen AB11 9DB, Scotland, UK
2Department of Molecular & Cell Biology, and
3Department of Zoology, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, Scotland, UK

ABSTRACT: Gyrodactyloides bychowskii has been recorded in Scottish waters for the first time. The parasite was found on the gills of Atlantic salmon reared in seawater. An integrated morphological and molecular examination of the parasite was carried out. Prevalence of the parasite was greatest in February and declined to 0 by June in 1999. During 2000, parasites were located in March and November. An overdispersion of parasites was recorded, with intensity of infection reaching over 200 parasites per gill arch in some fish. Parasitised gill tissue showed hyperplasia and hypertrophy but not always at the site of parasite attachment. The internal transcribed spacer of the ribosomal RNA gene array was amplified by PCR and sequenced. This sequence shared greatest similarity with the internal transcribed spacer of Gyrdicotylus gallieni, followed by Gyrodactylus species. This is the first molecular analysis of this parasite and provides sequence data that may be used in comparison of G. bychowskii from other locations or in phylogenetic analysis of this group of Monogenea.

KEY WORDS: Monogenea · Gyrodactyloides bychowskii · Atlantic salmon · Seawater

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