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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 68:261-265 (2006)  -  doi:10.3354/dao068261

Temperature-dependency of Betanodavirus infection in SSN-1 cell line

S. Ciulli1,*, D. Gallardi1, A. Scagliarini1, M. Battilani1, R. P. Hedrick2, S. Prosperi1

1Department of Veterinary Public Health and Animal Pathology, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Via Tolara di Sopra, 50, 40064 Ozzano Emilia (BO), Italy
2Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616-8737, USA

ABSTRACT: This study examined the in vitro effects of temperature on Betanodavirus infection in the SSN-1 cell line. A Betanodavirus isolated from moribund sea bass fry Dicentrarchus labrax farmed in the Adriatic Sea and characterised as a RGNNV (Redspotted Grouper Nervous Necrosis Virus) genotype was used. Virus-infected SSN-1 cells were incubated at temperatures between 10 and 30°C and observed for cytopathic effects daily for 15 d. Cell-free and cell-associated viral growth were evaluated by 50% tissue culture infectious dose (TCID50) titration at 0, 24, 48, 72, 96, 144, 192, 240, 312 and 360 h post-infection. Virus replication was observed at all temperatures from 15 to 30°C. The optimal temperature for virus growth was 25°C. A temperature of 10°C was detrimental to the growth of the SSN-1 cells and cell death interfered with interpretations of viral growth. The isolate of Betanodavirus from Italian sea bass in this study demonstrates a different temperature range for growth compared to previous reports for related Betanodavirus strains, most likely due to an adaptation to the normal environmental temperatures of the host fish species of origin.

KEY WORDS: Betanodavirus · Nervous necrosis virus · Viral encephalopathy and retinopathy · Dicentrarchus labrax · SSN-1 cell line · Temperature dependency · Viral growth

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