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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 70:161-166 (2006)  -  doi:10.3354/dao070161

Artemia as a possible vector for Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV) and extra small virus transmission (XSV) to Macrobrachium rosenbergii post-larvae

R. Sudhakaran, K. Yoganandhan, V. P. Ishaq Ahmed, A. S. Sahul Hameed*

Aquaculture Biotechnology Division, Department of Zoology, C. Abdul Hakeem College, Melvisharam-632 509, Vellore Dt., Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: Five developmental stages of Artemia were exposed to Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV) and extra small virus (XSV) by immersion and oral routes in order to investigate the possibility of Artemia acting as a reservoir or carrier of these viruses. The second objective was to determine if virus-exposed Artemia were capable of transmitting the disease to post-larvae (PL) of M. rosenbergii. There was no significant difference in percent mortality between Artemia control groups and groups challenged with these viruses. On the other hand, all the developmental stages of Artemia were positive for both viruses by nested RT-PCR, regardless of the challenge route. In horizontal transmission experiments, 100% mortality was observed in M. rosenbergii PL fed with Artemia nauplii exposed to MrNV and XSV by either challenge route. However, no mortality was observed in PL fed with virus-free Artemia. RT-PCR analysis of the M. rosenbergii PL confirmed the presence of MrNV and XSV in the challenge group and absence in the control group.

KEY WORDS: Artemia · Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus · Pathogenicity · Carrier · RT-PCR

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