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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 71:1-10 (2006)  -  doi:10.3354/dao071001

Comparison of four Taura syndrome virus (TSV) isolates in oral challenge studies with Litopenaeus vannamei unselected or selected for resistance to TSV

Thinnarat Srisuvan1,2,*, Brenda L. Noble2, Paul J. Schofield2, Donald V. Lightner2

1Department of Livestock Development, 69/1 Phayathai Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
2Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, University of Arizona, 1117 E. Lowell, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA

ABSTRACT: Taura syndrome virus (TSV) infection in TSV-resistant (TSR) and TSV-susceptible (Kona) Litopenaeus vannamei (also called Penaeus vannamei) was investigated using histology, in situ hybridization (ISH), conventional reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays, and SYBR-Green real-time RT-PCR analysis. The shrimp were challenged by feeding with minced tissues of L. vannamei infected with 4 genotypic variants of TSV (Bz01, Th04, UsHi94, and Ve05). Survival probabilities of TSR shrimp were higher than those for Kona shrimp with all 4 variants. Th04, UsHi94, and Ve05 gave no Taura syndrome lesions with TSR shrimp. In contrast, TSR shrimp challenged with Bz01 and Kona shrimp with all 4 TSV variants exhibited severe necrosis of cuticular epithelial cells and lymphoid organ spheroids, indicative of acute and chronic phases of TSV infection, respectively. TSV was not detected by RT-PCR in TSR shrimp infected with Th04, UsHi94, and Ve05, or in Kona shrimp infected with Ve05 but was detected in TSR shrimp infected with Bz01 and in Kona shrimp infected with Bz01, Th04, and UsHi94. Real-time RT-PCR revealed that mean TSV copy numbers in TSR shrimp infected with Bz01, Th04, and UsHi94 were significantly (p < 0.0005) lower than those in Kona shrimp. In contrast, mean TSV copy numbers in TSR and Kona shrimp infected with Ve05 were not significantly different (p > 0.4). The results show that TSR L. vannamei are susceptible to infection but give high survival rates following challenge by all 4 variants of TSV.

KEY WORDS: Taura syndrome virus · TSV · TSV variants · Litopenaeus vannamei

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