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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 74:13-16 (2007)  -  doi:10.3354/dao074013

Additional disinfectants effective against the amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

R. Webb*, D. Mendez, L. Berger, R. Speare

Amphibian Disease Ecology Group, School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville 4811, Australia

ABSTRACT: Chytridiomycosis, a disease contributing to amphibian declines worldwide, is caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Identifying efficient and practical disinfectants effective against B. dendrobatidis is important to reduce the spread of the disease both in the wild and captivity. Previous studies identified a range of suitable disinfectant strategies. We evaluated the suitability of 3 additional disinfectants: two of these (TriGene Virucidal disinfectant cleaner and F10 super concentrate disinfectant) are mixtures of chemicals and one (Betadine Antiseptic Liquid) contains a single active ingredient, povidone iodine. The disinfectants were tested using a range of concentrations for 1,5 and 10 min to determine their ability to kill B. dendrobatidis in vitro. The measure of effectiveness was 100% kill of zoosporangia grown in multiwell plates. All disinfectants had a 100% efficacy at concentrations recommended by the manufacturers. The lowest concentrations capable of 100% kill after exposure for 1 min were 0.1 ml l–1 for TriGene, 0.33 ml l–1 for F10 and 100 ml l–1 for Betadine. TriGene is the most effective disinfectant yet to be found, and both TriGene and F10 are more effective than various disinfectants tested in previous studies. TriGene and F10 are considered suitable for use in the field, as only small amounts of concentrate are needed.

KEY WORDS: Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis · Disinfect · TriGene · F10 · Betadine · Amphibian disease

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