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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 77:41-52 (2007)  -  DOI:

Temperature-dependent expression of immune-relevant genes in rainbow trout following Yersinia ruckeri vaccination

Martin K. Raida, Kurt Buchmann*

Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Section of Fish Diseases, Faculty of Life Sciences, The University of Copenhagen, Stigbøjlen 7, 1870 Frederiksberg C., Denmark
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: The gene expression of immune-relevant genes in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss following vaccination with a bacterin of Yersinia ruckeri, a bacterial pathogen causing enteric red mouth disease (ERM), was investigated at 5, 15, and 25°C. Rainbow trout were immunized by i.p. injection of a water-based Y. ruckeri (serotype O1) bacterin, and gene expression profiles were compared to control groups injected with phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Blood and tissue samples (spleen and head kidney) were taken for subsequent analysis using solid phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real-time PCR, respectively. The up-regulation of cytokine genes was generally faster and higher at high water temperature, with major expression at 25°C. The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1β and interferon (IFN)-γ were significantly up-regulated in all immunized groups, whereas the cytokine IL-10 was only up-regulated in fish kept at 15 and 25°C. The gene encoding the C5a (anaphylatoxin) receptor was expressed at a significantly increased level in both head kidney and spleen of immunized fish. The secreted immunoglobulin M (IgM)-encoding gene was significantly up-regulated in the head kidney of immunized trout reared at 25°C, and a positive correlation (r = 0.663) was found between gene expression of secreted IgM in the head kidney and Y. ruckeri-specific antibodies in plasma measured by ELISA. However, no regulation of the teleost specific immunoglobulin T (IgT), which was generally expressed at a much lower level than IgM, could be detected. The study indicated that expression of both innate and specific adaptive immune-response genes are highly temperature-dependent in rainbow trout.

KEY WORDS: Rainbow trout · Immune-relevant genes · Yersinia ruckeri · Vaccination · Temperature

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Cite this article as: Raida MK, Buchmann K (2007) Temperature-dependent expression of immune-relevant genes in rainbow trout following Yersinia ruckeri vaccination. Dis Aquat Org 77:41-52.

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