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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 78:189-198 (2008)  -  DOI:

Genotyping of white spot syndrome virus prevalent in shrimp farms of India

B. Pradeep1, Malathi Shekar1, Nicholas Gudkovs2, Iddya Karunasagar1, Indrani Karunasagar1,*

1Department of Fishery Microbiology, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, College of Fisheries, Mangalore 575 002, India
2CSIRO Australian Animal Health Laboratory, 5 Portarlington Road, East Geelong, Victoria 3220, Australia
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: DNA extracts from white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) that had infected post-larvae and juveniles of cultured shrimp, wild shrimp and crabs, which had been collected from different hatcheries and farms located along both the east and west coasts of India, revealed considerable variation in several previously identified WSSV DNA repeat regions. These include the 54 bp repeat in ORF 94, the 69 bp repeat in ORF 125 and the compound 45 and 57 bp repeat region in ORF 75. In ORF 94, 13 genotypes were observed with the number of repeats ranging from 2 to 16 units. While 7 repeat units were commonly observed (11.3%), no samples with 11 or 15 repeat units were found. In ORF 125, 11 types were found, with repeats ranging from 2 to 14 units. The most prevalent genotype displayed 4 repeat units (47.1%); no samples with 6 or 13 repeats were observed. The compound repeat region of ORF 75 displayed 6 different patterns of repeats. Samples with the same repeat pattern in one ORF did not always show identical repeat patterns in one or both of the other repeat regions. These data suggest that combined analysis of all 3 variable loci could be used to differentiate and characterize specific WSSV strains. For general epidemiological studies, the best marker with maximum variation is ORF 94, followed by ORF 125 and ORF 75. The 3 repeat regions above were used to compare WSSV genotypes from disease outbreaks on 3 sets of farms from different locations in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The genotypes within each farm set were almost identical, but differed between farm sets, suggesting that WSSV transmission occurred directly through virus carriers or water exchange between adjacent farms at each location. These findings show that genotyping can be a useful epidemiological tool for tracing the movement of WSSV within infected populations.

KEY WORDS: WSSV · Genotyping · Variable number tandem repeats · Minisatellites · Epidemiology

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Cite this article as: Pradeep B, Shekar M, Gudkovs N, Karunasagar I, Karunasagar I (2008) Genotyping of white spot syndrome virus prevalent in shrimp farms of India. Dis Aquat Org 78:189-198.

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