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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 85:199-208 (2009)  -  DOI:

Ultrastructure of Bonamia sp. in Ostrea chilensis in Chile

K. B. Lohrmann1, P. M. Hine2,*, M. Campalans3

1Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Católica del Norte, Larrondo 1281, Coquimbo, Chile
273 rue de la Fée du Bois, 17450 Fouras, France
3Escuela de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Católica de Valparaiso Casilla, 1020 Valparaiso, Chile
*Corresponding author. E-mail:

ABSTRACT: Oyster Ostrea chilensis samples were collected from Quihua Island, Chile, in December 2003 and February 2005, and examined in May 2004, and March, April and July 2005, for an ultrastructural comparison of the Chilean Bonamia sp. with other Bonamia spp. Only uni-nucleate stages were encountered, except in the July sample. The Chilean parasite differs from B. perspora in the apparent lack of a plasmodial stage and of sporulation. It resembles B. ostreae in size, the low number of mitochondrial profiles, and the prevalence and mean number of lipid droplets. It differs from B. ostreae in the greater prevalence of nuclear membrane-bound Golgi (NM-BG), associated haplosporogenesis, and smaller size of haplosporosomes. The Chilean Bonamia sp. resembles B. exitiosa in the number of haplosporosomes, prevalence of lipid droplets, anastomosing endoplasmic reticulum and NM-BG, presence of circles of smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER), confronting cisternae (CC), and cylindrical CC (CCC). It also appears to have a similar developmental cycle to B. exitiosa with larger forms occurring in winter (August). The circles of sER, CC, and CCC have only been reported from B. exitiosa, and it appears that Chilean Bonamia sp. and B. exitiosa are more closely related than they are to B. perspora or B. ostreae. Similarities in ultrastructure and developmental stages between New Zealand and Chilean parasites suggest that the 2 species are related, and that the Chilean Bonamia sp. is either B. exitiosa, a sub-species of B. exitiosa, or a separate species closely related to B. exitiosa.

KEY WORDS: Chile · Bonamia exitiosa · Ultrastructure · Taxonomy

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Cite this article as: Lohrmann KB, Hine PM, Campalans M (2009) Ultrastructure of Bonamia sp. in Ostrea chilensis in Chile. Dis Aquat Org 85:199-208.

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