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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 88:267-270 (2010)  -  DOI:

Characterization of Austrian koi herpesvirus samples based on the ORF40 region

A. Marek*, O. Schachner, I. Bilic, M. Hess

Clinic for Avian, Reptile and Fish Medicine, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210 Vienna

ABSTRACT: Using a PCR that amplifies a region of the thymidine kinase (TK) gene, an epidemic spread of koi herpesvirus (KHV) was determined in koi carps in Austria in 2007. A total of 15 virus samples from different locations in Austria were analyzed to determine their genetic relatedness following PCR and nucleic acid sequencing of the open reading frame 40 (ORF40) region of the KHV genome. ORF40-specific PCR amplification products that were obtained from tissue samples shared 100% nucleotide sequence identity with the published sequence of the Japanese strain of KHV. The ORF40 sequence of one isolate from the UK that was included in the present study was 100% identical with the published sequence of an Israeli strain of KHV. This is the first study that used a larger number of samples and a PCR method, which allowed distinguishing all 3 strains of KHV. The present investigation provides information on the epidemiology of KHV infections in Europe and describes a useful molecular tool for epidemiological studies.

KEY WORDS: Cyprinus carpio koi · Koi herpesvirus · Sequence analysis · ORF40

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Cite this article as: Marek A, Schachner O, Bilic I, Hess M (2010) Characterization of Austrian koi herpesvirus samples based on the ORF40 region. Dis Aquat Org 88:267-270.

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