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Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 90:55-61 (2010)  -  DOI:

Evaluation of four polymerase chain reaction primer pairs for the detection of Edwardsiella tarda in turbot

N. Castro*, A. E. Toranzo, S. Núñez, C. R. Osorio, B. Magariños

Departamento de Microbiología y Parasitología, Facultad de Biología/CIBUS e Instituto de Acuicultura, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain

ABSTRACT: Edwardsiella tarda is an important emergent pathogen in European aquaculture, causing several mortality events in turbot Scophthalmus maximus cultures in recent years. Here, we evaluated in parallel the specificity of 4 previously published pairs of primers, gyrBF1/gyrBR1, tardaF/tardaR, etfA and etfD, for the detection of 53 E. tarda strains isolated from different sources, as well as 18 representatives of related and unrelated bacterial species. On the basis of the obtained results, we selected the pair of primers etfD, because it was the only one that recognized all E. tarda strains without false positive reactions. The sensitivity of this primer set showed detection limits of 2 cells per reaction tube in the case of pure cultures and 200 cells per reaction tube in mixed cultures. With regard to the sensitivity in seeded turbot tissues (kidney, liver and mucus), the detection limit was 3 × 102 E. tarda cells per reaction. In experimentally infected turbot, the etfD primer set was able to detect the pathogen in internal organs even 1 d post-infection, with a dose of 0.1 cells g–1 of fish. In addition, this polymerase chain reaction protocol was useful for the detection of E. tarda in the field, and, based on the findings, we propose it as the most appropriate for accurate detection of E. tarda in routine diagnosis of edwardsiellosis in fish.

KEY WORDS: Edwardsiella tarda · PCR · Detection · Diagnosis · Turbot

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Cite this article as: Castro N, Toranzo AE, Núñez S, Osorio CR, Magariños B (2010) Evaluation of four polymerase chain reaction primer pairs for the detection of Edwardsiella tarda in turbot. Dis Aquat Org 90:55-61.

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