Inter-Research > DAO > v90 > n3 > p215-222  
Diseases of Aquatic Organisms

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DAO 90:215-222 (2010)  -  DOI:

Expression of mutant protein p53 and Hsp70 and Hsp90 chaperones in cockles Cerastoderma edule affected by neoplasia

S. Díaz, A. Cao, A. Villalba, M. J. Carballal*

Centro de Investigacións Mariñas, Consellería do Mar, Xunta de Galicia, Aptdo. 13, 36620 Vilanova de Arousa, Spain
*Corresponding author. Email:

ABSTRACT: High prevalence of disseminated neoplasia has been found in cockles Cerastoderma edule of Galicia (NW Spain). Disseminated neoplasia has been associated with high mortalities of various bivalve species. In vertebrates, proteins such as p53 and heat shock proteins (HSPs) play important roles in carcinogenesis. The protein p53 has been detected in neoplastic cells of bivalve molluscs such as Mytilus edulis, Mytilus trossulus, Mya arenaria, Spisula solidissima, Crassostrea rhizophorae and Crassostrea gigas. In this study, western blotting analyses were used to test the expression of Hsp70, Hsp90 and mutant p53 proteins in the cells and plasma of the haemolymph of cockles showing various intensities of neoplasia. Disseminated neoplasia was previously diagnosed by examination of stained haemolymph monolayers with light microscopy. In the present study, mutant p53 was detected in haemolymph cells of cockles diagnosed as affected by moderate and heavy neoplasia intensity, whereas it was not detected in cockles with either no or light neoplasia. The higher the neoplasia intensity, the higher the levels of Hsp70 and Hsp90. These proteins were not found in plasma. The results reveal the possible association between p53 and HSPs in neoplastic cells of cockles, which could prevent p53 from carrying out its functions, as occurs in human cancers.

KEY WORDS: Disseminated neoplasia · p53 · Hsp70 · Hsp90 · Cerastoderma edule

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Cite this article as: Díaz S, Cao A, Villalba A, Carballal MJ (2010) Expression of mutant protein p53 and Hsp70 and Hsp90 chaperones in cockles Cerastoderma edule affected by neoplasia. Dis Aquat Org 90:215-222.

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