Inter-Research > ESEP > v20 > p15-23  
ESEP
Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics

via Mailchimp

ESEP 20:15-23 (2020)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/esep00190

REVIEW
Healing the wounds of marine mammals by protecting their habitat

Giuseppe Notarbartolo di Sciara1,*, Erich Hoyt2

1IUCN Marine Mammal Protected Areas Task Force and Tethys Research Institute, Viale G.B. Gadio 2, 20121 Milano, Italy
2IUCN Marine Mammal Protected Areas Task Force and Whale and Dolphin Conservation, Park House, Allington Park, Bridport DT6 5DD, UK
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Important marine mammal areas (IMMAs)—‘discrete habitat areas, important for one or more marine mammal species, that have the potential to be delineated and managed for conservation’ (IUCN Marine Mammal Protected Areas Task Force 2018, p. 3)—were introduced in 2014 by the IUCN Marine Mammal Protected Areas Task Force to support marine mammal and wider ocean conservation. IMMAs provide decision-makers with a user-friendly, actionable tool to inform them of the whereabouts of habitat important for marine mammal survival. However, in view of their non-prescriptive, evidence-based and biocentric nature, the conservation effectiveness of IMMAs is strictly dependent on politicians’ willingness to make use of them. It has been the customary task of advocacy non-governmental organisations to lobby decision-makers to stimulate respect for environmental law, but the scientific community is increasingly joining this effort. Scientists can effectively strengthen a healthy relationship between scientific objectivity and political advocacy without damaging the credibility of conservation science. Thus, those undertaking the identification of IMMAs can be among those responsible for strongly advocating the implementation of IMMAs and other conservation initiatives.


KEY WORDS: Conservation · Marine mammals · Important marine mammal areas · IMMAs · Marine protected areas


Full text in pdf format 
Cite this article as: Notarbartolo di Sciara G, Hoyt E (2020) Healing the wounds of marine mammals by protecting their habitat. Ethics Sci Environ Polit 20:15-23. https://doi.org/10.3354/esep00190

Export citation
Mail this link - Contents Mailing Lists - RSS
Facebook - - linkedIn